TheDendera lightis a motif carved as a set of stone reliefs in theHathor templeatDenderain Egypt, which superficially resemble modernelectric lightingdevices. Afringe hypothesissuggests that the Dendera light depicts advanced electrical technology possessed by theancient Egyptians; however, mainstreamEgyptologistsview the carvings as representing instead a typical set of symbolic images fromEgyptian mythology. These depict adjedpillar and alotus flowerspawning a snake inside it, symbols of stability and fertility, respectively.
high poles covered with copper plates and with gilded tops were erected to break the stones coming from on high.
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Bruno Kolbe, Francis ed Legge, Joseph Skellon, tr.,
The view ofEgyptologistsis that the relief is amythologicaldepiction of adjedpillar and a lotus flower (Nymphaea caerulea), spawning a snake within, representing aspects ofEgyptian mythology.Thedjedpillar is a symbol of stability which is also interpreted as the backbone of the god Osiris. In the carvings the four horizontal lines forming the capital of thedjedare supplemented by human arms stretching out, as if thedjedwere a backbone. The arms hold up the snake within the lotus flower. The snakes coming from the lotus symbolize fertility, linked to the annualNileflood.
. Kessinger Publishing. pp.1801.ISBN1564591123.
Frank Dörnenburg,Electric lights in Egypt?. 2004. (ed. An analysis of how the Egyptians didnt have electricity).
The Dendera Reliefs, Catchpenny Mysteries.
Childress, D. H. (2000). Technology of the gods: the incredible sciences of the ancients. Kempton, Ill: Adventures Unlimited Press.ISBN0932813739
Die Texte in den unteren Krypten des Hathortempels von Dendera: ihre Aussagen zur Funktion und Bedeutung dieser Räume
. Reprint-Verlag-Leipzig. pp.106108.ISBN85.
In contrast to the mainstream interpretation, afringe hypothesisproposes that the reliefs depict Ancient Egyptian electrical technology, based on comparison to similar modern devices (such asGeissler tubesCrookes tubes, andarc lamps).J. N. Lockyers passing reference to a colleagues humorous suggestion that electric lamps would explain the absence of lampblack deposits in the tombs has sometimes been forwarded as an argument supporting this particular interpretation (another argument being made is the use of a system of reflective mirrors).Proponents of this interpretation have also used a text referring to high poles covered with copper plates to argue thisbut Bolko Stern has written in detail explaining why the copper covered tops of poles (which were lower than the associated pylons) do not relate to electricity or lightning, pointing out that no evidence of anything used to manipulate electricity had been found in Egypt and that this was a magical and not a technical installation.
, Mainz 1997ISBN3-8053-2322-0(tr.,
The texts in the lower crypts of the Hathor temples of Dendera: their statements for the function and meaning of these areas
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Electricity in ancient times. WUFOC and NÄRKONTAKT.
. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trbner, 1908. 429 pages. Page 391. (cf., […]
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J. Dmichen, Baugeschichte des Dendera-Tempels, Strassburg, 1877)
The Dendera light, showing the single representation on the left wall of the right wing in one of the crypts