Hannibal leads the Carthage army to attack Italy. This becomes part of the Second Punic War.
Julius Caesar becomes the first dictator of Rome
End of the Western Roman Empire and the fall of Ancient Rome
The last king is expelled and Rome is now ruled by senators. There is a constitution with laws and Rome becomes a complex republican government.
Constantine becomes Emperor in 306 AD
Rome becomes a Christian empire. Before this, Rome persecuted the Christians. Constantius dies. His son Constantine is the new vice-emperor of Galerius.
Julius Caesar defeats Pompey in a civil war. He becomes the supreme ruler of Rome. This is the end of the Roman Republic. He hires Sosigenes, an Egyptian astronomer, to work out a new 12 month calendar.
The Hadrian Wall was built in 122 AD. It was a long wall built across northern England in an effort to keep the barbarians out.
This was the first time in 800 years that the city of Rome has fallen to an enemy. It was a huge uproar.
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In 395 AD, Rome split into two empires – the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. Each side had a ruler in charge of it. The Roman Empire was split by Theodosius.
The Byzantine Empire comes to an end as it falls to the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople in 1453 A.D. It is renamed Istanbul in 1930.
The Roman Empire was one of the greatest civilizations in history. It began in Rome in 753 BC. Rome controlled over two million square miles stretching from the Rhine River to Egypt and from Britain to Asia Minor. This timeline highlights the major events in the history of Ancient Rome. This timeline goes from 753 BC to 27 BC and then from 64 AD to 1453 AD.