Time Line of Roman History

Marcus Antony and Cleopatra defeated at battle of Actium

Civil war with Julius Caesar the winner

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Jesus Christ Crucified in Jerusalem

Vigils developed to protect and fight fires in city of Rome under Augustus

Pompey, Crassus and Julius Caesar formed alliance known as First Triumvirate

Attila the Hun invaded Italy – stayed out of Rome as request

Roman soldiers given permission to marry during tour of duty

Romans defeated Hannibal at battle of Zama

General Cincinnatus came out of retirement, put down his plow, and took up position of dictator to save Rome. As soon as he won the battles he returned to Rome, resigned and returned to his fields

Hortensia argued that taxes on rich women were unfair

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Eastern Empire survived as the Byzantine Empire

Justinian began to recapture Western Roman Empire

Hadrian ordered building of Pantheon in Rome

Romans used concrete for first time in Roman town of Palestrina

Constantine I invaded Italy and took over with Licinius

Pompey rid the Mediterranean sea of pirates

Beginning of Empire age with Octavian claiming title of Augustus and assuming all the power of the magistrates in the Roman government-beginning of the Pax Romana (peace of Rome)

Invention of heating system known as the hypocaust used in villas spread to most public baths

Julius Caesar assassinated on the Ides of March (15

Empire reached greatest extent under Emperors Trajan (96-117) and Hadrian (117-138)

Began construction of first aqueduct and first major road

Julius Caesar conquered all of Gaul – current day France

Fall of the Western Roman Empire by invasion of Goths

Vesuvius erupted burying towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum

Constantine I defeated Licinius and took over sole rule of Empire

Byzantine Empire defeated by Ottoman Turks

Capitol moved from Rome to Constantinople (current day Istanbul) by Constantine I

Civil war between Marcus Antony and Octavian

Diocletian split empire into four sections ruled by two co-emperors

Rome became a republic by overthrowing King Tarquin the Proud

Mythical founding of Rome by Romulus and Remus

Second Punic War with Carthage with Hannibal leading the Carthage Army

Revolt of Plebeians against Patricians – Plebeians

Pont du Guard aqueduct in Gaul ( France) built, still stands today

Rome controlled all of Italian peninsula

Great fire in Rome – Nero blamed Christians and began persecution

Roman Citizenship extended to Latin and Italian Allies

First War between Rome and Carthage (First Punic War)

Edict of Milan gave freedom of worship to Christian church, Christianity became official religion of Empire

Time of Anarchy, uncertainty who was legitimate Emperor for much of the time

Julius Caesar ordered to disband army – instead began civil war

gave right to choose their own tribunes and have a voice in government

Rome developed the first law code, the Twelve Tables

Marcus Antony and Cleopatra escaped to Egypt and committed suicide

Slave revolt led by gladiator Spartacus

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